Antibiotic-Loaded Boron Nitride Nanoconjugate with Strong Performance against Planktonic Bacteria and Biofilms


Protecting surfaces from biofilm formation presents a significant challenge in the biomedical field. The utilization of antimicrobial component-conjugated nanoparticles is becoming an attractive strategy against infectious biofilms. Boron nitride (BN) nanomaterials have a unique biomedical application value due to their excellent biocompatibility. Here, we developed antibiotic-loaded BN nanoconjugates to combat bacterial biofilms. Antibiofilm testing included two types of pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Gentamicin was loaded on polydopamine-modified BN nanoparticles (GPBN) to construct a nanoconjugate, which was very effective in killing E. coli and S. aureus planktonic cells. GPBN exhibited equally strong capacity for biofilm destruction, tested on preformed biofilms. A 24 h treatment with the nanoconjugate reduced cell viability by more than 90%. Our results suggest that GPBN adheres to the surface of the biofilm, penetrates inside the biofilm matrix, and finally deactivates the cells. Interestingly, the GPBN coatings also strongly inhibited the formation of bacterial biofilms. Based on these results, we suggest that GPBN could serve as an effective means for treating biofilm-associated infections and as coatings for biofilm prevention.

ACS Applied Bio Materials
Zhejian Cao
Zhejian Cao

My research interests include 2D materials, semiconductor materials, and porous materials.