Rapid Ammonia Carriers for SCR Systems Using MOFs [M2(adc)2(dabco)] (M = Co, Ni, Cu, Zn)


Ammonia is one of the most common reductants for the automotive selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system owing to its high NO2 reduction (deNOx) efficiency. However, ammonia carriers for the SCR system have sluggishly evolved to achieve rapid ammonia dosing. In this study, the MOFs [M2(adc)2(dabco)] (M = Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) were synthesized and characterized as ammonia carriers. Among the four obtained MOFs, Ni2(adc)2(dabco) possessed the highest surface area, 772 m2/g, highest ammonia uptake capacity, 12.1 mmol/g, and stable cyclic adsorption-desorption performance. All the obtained MOFs demonstrated physisorption of ammonia and rapid kinetics of ammonia adsorption and desorption. Compared with halide ammonia carrier MgCl2, the obtained MOFs showed four times faster adsorption kinetics to reach 90% of the ammonia uptake capacity. For the ammonia desorption, the Ni2(adc)2(dabco) provided 6 mmol/g ammonia dosing when temperature reached 125 °C in the first 10 min, which was six times of the ammonia dosing from Mg(NH3)6Cl2. The results offer a solution to shorten the buffering time for ammonia dosing in the SCR system.